Services

SERVICES AT O5 SICKLE CELL CLINIC

OUR SERVICES

  • Sickle Cell awareness and Advocacy
  • Complete blood work on Clients
  • Determination of Packed Cell Volume (PCV)
  • Genotype Determination
  • Hemoglobin differentiation and Quantification
  • Reticulocyte Count
  • Transcranial Doppler scanning/stroke prevention in sickle cell patients
  • Exchange Blood Transfusion
  • Leg Ulcer Treatment

 

WHAT IS SICKLE CELL ANEMIA?

Sickle Cell disorder is a group of disorders that affects the red cells. Healthy red blood cells are round and they move through small blood vessels carrying oxygen to all parts of the body.

The red blood cells become hard and sticky and look like a C shaped farm tool called a “Sickle”.

Sickle cells can get stuck in small blood vessels and block the flow of blood and oxygen to organs in the body. These blockages cause repeated episodes of severe pain, organ damage, serious infections or even strokes.

 

WHAT ARE THE TRAITS?

Sickle Cell trait is not a disease, but having it means that a person has inherited the sickle cell gene from one of his or her parents. People with SCT usually do not have the symptom of Sickle Cell disorder and live a normal life. However, if two people with sickle cell trait have a child, there is a one-in-four chance that a child will be born with sickle cell disease.

SCT is inherited in the same way that people get the colour of their eyes skin and hair.

A person with Sickle Cell disorder is born with it.

People cannot catch sickle cell from being around a person who has it.

 

SYMPTOMS OF CRISES

  • Pain (in Arms, legs, belly, chest, hands, feet and lower back)
  • Breathing problems
  • Extreme tiredness
  • Headache and dizziness
  • Weakness
  • Yellowish skin colour (jaundice)

 

CAUSES OF CRISES

  • Being on high altitudes (e.g. Mountain Climbing)
  • Extreme change in temperature
  • Illness
  • Dehydration
  • Stress

 

HOW TO PREVENT CRISIS

  • Drink plenty of water
  • Avoid swimming in cold water
  • Dress appropriately in cold or warm environment
  • Limit the amount of alcohol in take
  • Avoid/manage stress
  • Eat healthy food
  • Avoid smoking
  • Avoid intense exercise
  • Manage other health conditions  
  • Keep good hygiene
  • Stay in well ventilated areas.
  • Do not isolate yourself
  • Be in regular touch with your doctor/genetic counselor
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